In Canada, high-growth enterprises play an important role in employment, accounting for a large share of job creation.
In Statistics Canada’s Entrepreneurship Indicators Database, a high-growth enterprise is defined as an enterprise that exhibits average annualized growth of greater than 20 per cent per year over a three-year period (72.8 per cent growth over three years), and has at least 10 employees at the start of the three-year period. This can be measured as growth in revenues or employment. The headline indicator for this goal uses the revenue measure.
Measured by revenue growth, the largest number of high-growth firms in Nova Scotia in 2015 were in retail trade, accommodation and food services, construction, wholesale trade, professional and technical services, and health care and social assistance. Compared to the previous period, there were gains in wholesale trade, accommodation and food services, real estate services, and health care and social assistance, accompanied by losses in construction, manufacturing and retail trade. This amounted to net-loss of high-growth enterprises when measured by revenue, reducing the share of total enterprises from 6.5 per cent to 6.2 per cent. The Canadian average fell from 7.6 per cent in 2014 to 7.3 per cent in the same period. A comparable decline.
When measured by employment growth, Nova Scotia had 130 high-growth enterprises for the 2012-2015 period, which accounted for 2.7 per cent of all enterprises with at least 10 employees in 2012. This is a 10 enterprise increase over the 2011-2014 period, but remains below the Canadian average of 3.2 percent.
High growth enterprises by employment and revenue, Nova Scotia, 2015
|Number of enterprises||Share of total enterprises||Canadian average|
|High growth by employment||130||2.7%||3.2%|
|High growth by revenue||300||6.2%||7.3%|
The table below shows the number of high-growth enterprises by industry in Nova Scotia for the 2012-2015 period, rounded to the nearest 10 to maintain confidentiality. An ‘X’ indicates a number too small to report.
|High growth (HG) enterprises, measured by employment and revenue,
Nova Scotia, 2015
|HG by employment||HG by revenue|
|Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting||X||X|
|Mining and Oil and Gas extraction||X||X|
|Transportation and Warehousing||X||X|
|Information and Cultural Industries||X||X|
|Finance and Insurance||X||X|
|Real Estate and Rental and Leasing||X||10|
|Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services||X||30|
|Management of Companies and Enterprises||0||X|
|Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation Services||X||20|
|Healthcare and Social Assistance||10||30|
|Arts, Entertainment and Recreation||X||10|
|Accommodation and Food Service||20||40|
|Primary Industries Subtotal||10||20|
|Subtotal Excluding Primary Industries||120||290|
Changes to the indicator, baseline, or target:
• In The (Ivany) Report of the Nova Scotia Commission on Building Our New Economy, Goal 4 was to increase the number of business start-ups in the province by 50%. However, the number of newly registered businesses in a year has been on a downward trend nationally and provincially for an extended period. This suggests drivers unrelated to economic activity are at play, and that this indicator was not measuring what the goal intended. Thus, this goal has been updated with a new indicator – the number of high-growth firms in the province. This indicator is thought to better represent the “start-up culture” this goal was intended to measure.
• For the new indicator, the original goal -- to increase the number of these firms by 50% -- was maintained. With the baseline number of 310, the new target is 465.