Youth Employment Deep Dive

Movements in the unemployment rate can be influenced by two factors:  the relative ease with which people who are looking for work can find it, and the number of people who are looking for work. An unemployment rate decrease could be due to an increase in employment, a decrease in the number of people who are looking for work but not employed, or a combination of both.

yearlabour forceemploymentunemployment
20127762.714.3
201374.961.213.7
201473.760.613.1
201573.161.911.2
201669.359.110.3

Since 2012, the continuing decline in Nova Scotia's youth population has meant that the number of youth in the labour force, employed youth, and unemployed youth looking for work have all declined. However, it is the relative rates – the labour force participation rate and the employment rate – that explain the drivers behind the declining youth unemployment rate. Since 2012, the youth employment rate has increased by 0.6 percentage points to 53.8 per cent, while the youth participation rate fell 2.2 points to 63.1 per cent. This suggests that the reduction in the youth unemployment rate may be due to a combination of more young people finding jobs, as well as youth leaving the labour force for a variety of reasons.

yearparticipationemploymentunemployment
201265.3%53.2%18.6%
201364.5%52.7%18.3%
201464.7%53.2%17.8%
201565.5%55.5%15.3%
201663.1%53.8%14.9%

Examining the unemployment rate for 15-19 year olds and 20-24 years olds shows that more of the reduction in the youth unemployment rate has been due to improvements among 20-24 year olds, with the unemployment rate among 15-19 year olds in 2016 very close to what it was in 2012.

yearcanada-15-19ns-15-19canada-20-24ns-20-24
197615.620.210.213.5
197717.120.311.614.4
197817.620.711.615.2
197915.922.110.415.1
198016.11910.614.4
19811618.910.615.1
198221.524.716.219.8
198321.824.917.819.9
198419.722.916.119.8
198518.323.914.420.1
198616.521.213.620.2
198714.819.112.318
198812.817.310.714.6
198912.816.59.714.2
199013.916.911.314.6
199116.618.915.419.8
199219.320.615.920
199319.624.115.720
199418.321.314.422.4
199517.7201318.4
199619.419.612.916.9
199721.424.313.118.6
199819.920.912.118.1
199918.321.311.216.4
200016.521.110.112.4
200116.820.810.215.4
2002182110.615.7
200318.117.910.614.2
200418.119.810.312
200516.519.79.711.9
200615.916.78.811.9
200714.817.28.710
200815.517.48.910.5
20092022.112.214.6
20102020.511.613.7
201119.522.71112.9
201220.1211117.1
201319.523.910.415.2
201418.521.810.715.5
201518.221.210.411.8
201617.821.510.611.2

Changes to the indicator, baseline, or target:

  • The baseline youth unemployment rate was revised down due to historical revisions by Statistics Canada.
  • Contextual numbers were removed from the statement of the goal. The target was assumed to be the closure of the gap between the Nova Scotia and Canadian youth unemployment rates, not for the Nova Scotia rate to fall to the Canadian rate of 14 per cent quoted for context in the Now or Never report. This was done to keep the goal consistent in case of future historical revisions to the source data.